Sunday, December 11, 2011

November/December 2011

So far it's been mild, despite predictions that we were in for another arctic winter like the last two years. The temperatures have mainly been in the 40's and low 50's F with a few clear frosty days early in December. Mostly we've had grey brooding skies, rain and very short days - sunrise now is not till 9 am and the sun sets at 4:30.

At the end of October we drove north about 4 hours to County Sligo for the Sligo Live music festival - lots of free music of all genres in pubs and cafes throughout the city plus a fantastic solo concert by Elvis Costello at the local college (one of our musical favorites that we've been wanting to see for a long while). It was pretty wet most of the weekend so not very good for hillwalking in the beautiful Sligo mountains. We went to an interesting historical site with many prehistoric stone tombs and a huge mound of stones called a barrow tomb (the long mound in the distance in these two photos). This one pre-dates the pyramids, and like the pyramids it was an impressive tomb for someone of the highest rank.

Archaeologists opened up an entryway into the stone mound which is now reinforced with wire mesh so you can walk into the center of the mound. 

In the very center of the mound there was a stone dolmen that once held human bones inside.


At the same site there were dozens of stone dolmens scattered around the hills. These also were for burial and would have been covered with a small mound of rocks at the time.

We walked to the top of a small mountain that has another barrow mound at the very top that is supposed to be tomb of Queen Maeve of Ulster. You can get an idea of the size by this picture of me standing by the base of the mound. It was a misty day and kind of spooky around all these ancient tombs, especially as that day was Samhain (pronounced 'sow-en') the pagan festival day when the spirits of the dead walk the earth (and the origins for Halloween).

On our way back to Clare we took a side trip to the Céide Fields in County Mayo, the oldest known field systems in the world, over five and a half millennia old. The remains of stone field walls, houses and megalithic tombs are preserved beneath a blanket of peat over several square miles and show how developed and sophisticated the agricultural system was then. There is a very good interpretive center and the guided tour around the site brought to life the community that lived and farmed in this region over 5,000 years ago. 

I was also surprised to learn how low-tech is their method for locating the ancient walls of houses and fields that have been buried under the blanket bog. They simply insert thin rods into the bog about a foot apart in a straight line until they hit rocks down below, then they can see the locations of walls below from the profile of the rods. The guide said that modern sensoring equipment doesn't work in these wet boggy soils.

Sea cliffs near the Ceide Fields in County Mayo.

A County Mayo lough

Back home in Scariff we've been relatively quiet. In November we were cleaning up the veg garden and planting cover crops in the outdoor beds and salad greens, spring onions and broad beans in the polytunnel.

The Scariff Community Garden held a Harvest Festival and I entered this zucchini into the funny vegetable contest and won first place!

Notice the wire rim glasses and brown beard and moustache - remind you of anyone you know?

Our dogs Woody and Oscar are best friends and like to squeeze into the same comfy chair together.

In November we took the dogs for a walk through some nearby hills and bogs to a lake.

In December we had a dusting of snow and the dogs loved playing in it.

Trad session at our Thanksgiving party

 Merry Christmas and Happy New Year from Ireland!

Saturday, October 22, 2011

October 2011

Northern Ireland
After a busy September at Seed Savers with preparations for our big Apple Weekend (over 1,000 attendees), I was ready to get away on a road trip in early October. Northern Ireland was an area we still hadn't visited so we took a week off to go exploring.

Mourne Mountains
We crossed into Northern Ireland at County Down, where we had time to do an afternoon 'hill-walk' before continuing on to Belfast. The Mourne Mountains are jagged on top unlike most of Ireland's rounded hills, due to the presence of granite in these coastal mountains. 

We only spent one day and one night in Belfast, and found it to be a friendly, clean and fairly prosperous city, not unlike Dublin in a lot of ways. Our hostel was in the Queen's University area, so first we walked around a botanical garden and history museum near campus, then walked through the city to the renowned murals commemorating events from the Troubles, as well as murals in solidarity with other causes like American civil rights and the Palistinians.

The murals are in a Catholic working class neighborhood that borders the Protestant working class neighborhood. There's a huge wall topped with barbed wire between them, and the gates in the picture below can be used to close off the road and the sidewalk at night or during times of violence.

This is one of the few murals on the Protestant side, with the Red Hand of Ulster on the left. Creepy story about that symbol - supposedly the first boat of Englishman was landing in Northern Ireland (it's only 12 miles between the two islands here) and the captain announced that whoever was the first to touch the shore would own that land, so one greedy bastard cut off his hand and threw it onto the shore in order to be the first. 

Glens of Antrim
 We left Belfast  and stopped for a walk in Glenariff, one of the nine Glens of Antrim that run from the mountains down to the sea.

The glen and waterfalls reminded me of a Finger Lakes gorge trail but with wooden boardwalks instead of stone.

Carrick-a-Rede Rope Bridge
The next morning we went to the Carrick-a-Rede rope bridge, which was originally constructed by fisherman so they could stand on it and drop nets for salmon, but now tourists pay a fiver and cross it for a thrill. Crossing the bridge is exciting enough on a calm day, but the day we were there tropical depression Ophelia had crossed the Atlantic and gale force winds were slamming into the Irish coast. 

Bill crossed first while I got his photo, then I went across. Not too bad going over, just don't look down!

It's a very tiny bare island, not much to do but walk around and get a few photos before heading back across the bridge.

 Meanwhile the winds were picking up. Bill crossed first. When he was halfway across the bridge the winds started gusting so hard his glasses started to blow right off his face! He stopped to take them off and shove them in his pocket, then crouched down and crossed the rest of the way quickly. 

My turn to cross. I looked at the bridge bucking up and down and side-to-side. No way was I going across that. The bridge-keeper came out of his little shelter and motioned to me and the four others on the island to stay where we were. He kept checking the wind speed with a hand-held anemometer and shaking his head no. Finally the winds lessened briefly and the bridge-keeper was able to scurry across the bridge to where were were waiting on the island, and when there was a slight lessening of the wind he escorted each of us across one by one. Going across two at at a time was better - more weight to hold it down!

Once I was back on the mainland and the winds and my heart had calmed down I went back across the bridge one more time - for the photo opp!

The Giant's Causeway
 A few miles further along the coast is the Giant's Causeway, one of Northern Ireland's top tourist attractions and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Causeway is a natural formation of basalt columns that are hexagonal in shape and stacked tightly together. The columns were formed 65 million years ago when there was intense volcanic activity in this region. The molten lava hit the sea water and cooled very quickly, and the columns were formed in much the same way that mud can develop symmetrical cracks as it's drying.

The columns descend to the sea like the ramp of some long-gone bridge. Legend claims that the giant Fionn MacCumhaill (Finn McCool) built the Causeway from the North coast of Antrim as a pathway to the Scottish island of Staffa (which can be seen on clear days) to confront his enemy Benandonner. The existence of similar basalt columns at Fingal's Cave on the island reinforced belief in the legend.

We walked along the coastal trail and came upon more basalt columns higher up. These were buried under another layer of rock that had been deposited on top of the columns, which you can see in this view looking straight up the columns.

And a little further along the trail, a completely different type of rock, so red and shiny it hardly looked real. A very interesting area geologically.

The gales from tropical depression Ophelia were still really intense. The winds funneled around this rock promontory creating a Bernoulli effect that lifted me right off my feet and into that fence, the only thing between me and a several hundred foot drop. Getting blown around is a chronic problem for me here: light frame + wind-resistant jacket = a kite!

This is a happy-to-be-alive smile. Chrys - 2, Ophelia - 0.

The next morning the storm had cleared to blue skies and lavender clouds, and we took a walk on another section of the Causeway Coastway with cool stone arches and rock formations.

This castle was built on a high rock outcropping and is only accessible by the stone bridge. What a great location for defense.

Strokestown Park House
After leaving beautiful Northern Ireland, we drove south to Strokestown, County Rosscommon for a traditional music festival. Bill's paternal grandmother's people were Cullens from County Rosscommon, and it's interesting that Rosscommon is known for flute players. Bill has been an avid flute player (classical and Irish music) for many years.

While in Strokestown we toured the house and gardens of Strokestown Park House, the former estate of a wealthy family that once owned 30,000 acres here. They were bad landlords, treating their tenants very poorly and forcing most of them into emigration, and as a result the landlord was assassinated in 1847 at the height of the Famine. The Irish National Famine Museum is now located in the stables of the house and tells of that terrible period with accuracy and sensitivity.

The lady of the house was such a snob that she would walk along the galley at the upper right and drop down the menu for the day to the servants below, so she wouldn't have to make verbal, physical or even eye contact with them.

The last member of the family to live in the house had the old kitchen walled over and a modern 1950's kitchen installed. When a local man purchased the house in the 1980's to restore it, he was astonished and delighted to find the perfectly intact kitchen, including cooking pots and cauldrons, behind the false wall!

And no 18th century kitchen would be complete without a jar of leeches. 

The walled pleasure garden

In the veg garden - glass houses for growing tropical fruits like peaches and pineapples.

These peach trees have been trained to grow almost horizontally on wires. Those are hot water pipes running underneath to provide heat - peach trees can grow outside here, but they need the heat to develop and ripen the fruits.